The way that the feet function or works may have a considerable impact on the rest of the body. The feet are commonly considered as the foundation of the body and just like the tall building analogy, if that platform is not right, then something can go wrong higher up. There are numerous kinds of alignment problems that can affect that foundation and how the foot interacts with the ground. That connection will have numerous affects higher up the body.
Among the issues that can go wrong is something that is commonly termed “overpronation”. This term is frequently used and abused, so probably should be avoided. The phrase refers to the feet rolling inwards at the rearfoot and also the mid-foot (arch) of the foot flattening. This is quite a normal movement and is only a problem if there to too much of it. The reason why the term is such a problem is that there is no understanding about what is too much and what is normal. This can lead to plenty of indecision in research and in clinical practice, especially when decisions have to be made if the overpronation needs to be taken care of or not.
The outcomes that this problem can have on the body are claimed to range from hallux valgus and heel spurs in the foot to lower leg and knee joint conditions in runners. There are several methods to treat it, again with a lot of disagreement between medical experts as to the best way to manage it. Pragmatically the treatment of the overpronation really should be geared towards the cause and there isn’t any such thing as a one size fits all. If the problem is caused by tight calf muscles, then stretching out of those tight muscles would be the sensible method. When the problem is the control of muscles at the hip, then the treatment really should be aimed towards that. If the problem is due to weak foot muscles, then that’s the best place to begin the rehabilitation with exercises. If the concern is due to a bony alignment trouble in the foot, then foot orthotics tend to be prescribed.